For the purpose of testing new stuff, it is always handy to have WordPress installation ready. And probably one of the cheapest ways to do so is to use one of virtual server providers – in my case it is Linode.
I won’t be going into specifics of creating server on Linode as it is trivial. Instead, this guide starts at moment your CentOS is installed are you are logged in.
First of all, Linode’s CentOS installation has firewall disabled. As this server will be open to public, enabling firewall is not the worst idea ever:
# systemctl start firewalld
# systemctl enable firewalld
# firewall-cmd --state
Next you need to install database:
# yum install -y mariadb-server
To have database running as a separate user, instead of root, you need to add
/etc/my.cnf. You can do that either manually or use the following command to the same effect:
# sed -i "/\[mysqld\]/auser=mysql" /etc/my.cnf
Now you can start MariaDB and ensure it starts automatically upon reboot.
# systemctl start mariadb
# systemctl enable mariadb
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I always highly advise securing database a bit. Luckily, there is a script for that. Going with defaults will ensure quite a secure setup.
A good test for MariaDB setup is creating WordPress database:
# mysql -e "CREATE DATABASE wordpress;"
# mysql -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';"
# mysql -e "FLUSH PRIVILEGES;"
With database sorted out, you can move onto installation of PHP:
# yum install -y httpd mod_ssl php php-mysql php-gd
We can start Apache at this time and allow it to start automatically upon reboot:
# systemctl start httpd
# systemctl enable httpd
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With all else installed and assuming you have firewall running, it is time to poke some holes through it:
# firewall-cmd --add-service http --permanent
# firewall-cmd --add-service https --permanent
# firewall-cmd --reload
If all went well, you can now see welcome page when you point your favorite browser to server IP address.
Now finally you get to install WordPress:
# yum install -y wget
# wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz -O /var/tmp/wordpress.tgz
# tar -xzvf /var/tmp/wordpress.tgz -C /var/www/html/ --strip 1
# chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/
Of course, you will need to create initial file – sample is a good beginning:
# cp /var/www/html/wp-config-sample.php /var/www/html/wp-config.php
# sed -i "s/database_name_here/wordpress/" /var/www/html/wp-config.php
# sed -i "s/username_here/username/" /var/www/html/wp-config.php
# sed -i "s/password_here/password/" /var/www/html/wp-config.php
# while $(grep -q "put your unique phrase here" /var/www/html/wp-config.php); do
sed -i "0,/put your unique phrase here/s//$(uuidgen -r)/" /var/www/html/wp-config.php; done
wp-config.php fields fully filled, you can go to server’s IP address and follow remaining WordPress installation steps (e.g. site title and similar details).
PS: While this is guide for Linode and CentOS, it should also work with other Linux flavors provided you swap