When you install WordPress on Linode, one thing that’s not supported out of box is mail – php requires
sendmail installed and running.
Configurations might differ depending on the exact use case, but for my WordPress I wanted to use Google’s SNMP server. While guides are plentiful, most of information is a bit obsolete – whether it is in regards to package name or exact configuration. So I went my own way…
To get us going, we need to install a few packages related to sendmail functionality and allow the same in SELinux (if enforced):
# yum install -y sendmail sendmail-cf cyrus-sasl-plain cyrus-sasl-md5 # setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail on
First thing to prepare is file containing our authentication details for Google’s server. I will assume here that login you usually use is
email@example.com and password is
password. Of course, these must be substituted for correct values:
# mkdir -p -m 700 /etc/mail/authinfo # echo 'AuthInfo: "U:root" "I:firstname.lastname@example.org" "P:password"' > /etc/mail/authinfo/gmail # makemap hash /etc/mail/authinfo/gmail < /etc/mail/authinfo/gmail
/etc/mail/sendmail.mc we need to add the following lines just ABOVE the first
… define(`SMART_HOST',`[smtp.gmail.com]')dnl define(`RELAY_MAILER_ARGS', `TCP $h 587')dnl define(`ESMTP_MAILER_ARGS', `TCP $h 587')dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A p')dnl define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS', `EXTERNAL GSSAPI DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl define(`confCACERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.trust.crt')dnl TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl FEATURE(`authinfo',`hash -o /etc/mail/authinfo/gmail.db')dnl …
Once configuration has been updated, we can proceed with “compiling” that new configuration and starting the daemon for the first time.
# make -C /etc/mail # systemctl start sendmail
The easiest test is sending an e-mail via command line:
# echo "Subject: Test via sendmail" | sendmail -v email@example.com
If there are issues, you can always check journal for startup errors:
# journalctl -xe
The most common error is “available mechanisms do not fulfill requirements” and that signals Cyrus SASL plugins are not installed for MD5 and PLAIN methods. Make sure
cyrus-sasl-md5 packages are installed.
Lastly, if sendmail does work but it is very slow, add your hostname (output of
hostname command) to the end of localhost (IPv4 and IPv6) entries in